Castration and sterilization of dogs, cats and pet rodents are elective surgeries. That implies that they are usually performed in healthy animals in order to prevent pregnancies or diesease.
Castration in small animal patients may be performed on a routine basis for population control and behavior modification - or may be performed for diesease control or treatment.
The surgical excision (removal, resection) of the gonads (ovaries or testicles) is called 'castration'. Just preventing the transport of eggs or sperm through ligation and transsection of the transport organs is termed 'sterilization'.
In male dogs we have the possibility of temporary chemical sterilization through the implantation of a chip under the skin.
We will gladly assist you in choosing the best approach for your pet.